# US Nonfarm Private Payrolls: July 2014 Preview

Private nonfarm payrolls in the US are projected to increase 232,000 (seasonally adjusted) in tomorrow’s July update from the Labor Department, according to The Capital Spectator’s median econometric point forecast. The expected monthly rise is well below the previously reported increase of 262,000 for June.

The Capital Spectator’s median projection for July is in line with a pair of consensus forecasts, based on surveys of economists.

Keep in mind that the interval forecasts at the 95% confidence level reflect a relatively wide spectrum of outcomes around the point forecasts. Here’s a closer look at the numbers, followed by brief summaries of the methodologies behind The Capital Spectator’s projections:

ARIMA: An autoregressive integrated moving average model that analyzes the historical record of private payrolls in R via the “forecast” package.

ES: An exponential smoothing model that analyzes the historical record of private payrolls in R via the “forecast” package.

R-1: A linear regression model that analyzes the historical record of ADP private payrolls in context with the Labor Department’s estimate of US private payrolls. The historical relationship between the variables is applied to the more recently updated ADP data to project the government’s estimate of private payrolls. The computations are run in R.

VAR-6: A vector autoregression model that analyzes six economic time series in context with private payrolls. The six additional series: ISM Manufacturing Index, industrial production, aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory employees in the private sector, the stock market (Wilshire 5000), spot oil prices, and the Treasury yield spread (10-year less 3-month T-bill). The forecasts are run in R with the “vars” package.

TRI: A model that’s based on combining point forecasts, along with the upper and lower prediction intervals (at the 95% confidence level), via a technique known as triangular distributions. The basic procedure: 1) run a Monte Carlo simulation on the combined forecasts and generate 1 million data points on each forecast series to estimate a triangular distribution; 2) take random samples from each of the simulated data sets and use the expected value with the highest frequency as the prediction. The forecast combinations are drawn from the following projections: Econoday.com’s consensus forecast data and the predictions generated by the models above. The forecasts are run in R with the “triangle” package.