The US economic trend has rebounded in early November after slumping during the past two months, according to a markets-based profile of macro conditions. The Macro-Markets Risk Index (MMRI) closed at 12.2% on Wednesday, Nov. 6—a level that suggests that business cycle risk remains low. One interpretation of the benchmark’s revival is that it reflects optimism that the end of last month’s government shutdown removes a weight on the economy. The current 12.2% value is nearly twice as high as the lowest reading for the year to date—7.5% posted in mid-September—and comfortably above the 0% danger zone. If MMRI falls under 0%, that would be a sign that recession risk is elevated. By comparison, readings above 0% imply a bias for economic growth.
MMRI represents a subset of the Economic Trend & Momentum indices, a pair benchmarks that track the economy’s broad trend for signs of major turning points in the business cycle via a diversified set of indicators. Analyzing the market-price components separately offers a real-time approximation of macro conditions, according to the “wisdom of the crowd.” By contrast, conventional economic reports are published with a time lag. MMRI is intended for use as a supplement for developing perspective on the current month’s economic profile until a complete data set is published.
MMRI measures the daily median change of four indicators based on the following calculations:
• US stocks (S&P 500), 250-trading day % change, plotted daily
• Credit spread (BofA ML US High Yield Master II Option-Adjusted Spread), inverted 250-trading day % change, plotted daily
• Treasury yield curve (10-yr Treasury yield less 3-month T-bill yield), no transformation, plotted daily
• Oil prices (iPath S&P GSCI Crude Oil Total Return Index ETN (OIL)), inverted 250-trading day % change, plotted daily
Here’s how MMRI compares on a daily basis since August 2007:
Here’s a closer review of how MMRI stacks up so far this year: